A More Perfect Union

AMorePerfectA More Perfect Union focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in detention camps during World War II, this online exhibit is a case study in decision-making and citizen action under the U.S. Constitution.

African American English

pbs-15No topic in sociolinguistics has been studied more than the history and the structure of African American English (AAE). Also referred to as African American Vernacular English (AAVE), Black English, and Ebonics, there is debate on the status of African American English as a distinct dialect of American English spoken by many African Americans or as a language in its own right.

African Voices

AfricanVoicesExplore objects that attest to Africa’s striking diversity and long history. Listen to African Voices as they talk about their lives and cultures. Discover your connections to Africa.

Americans at War: The Price of Freedom

PriceofFredmAmericans have gone to war to win their independence, expand their natural boundaries, define their freedoms, and defend their interests around the globe. The Price of Freedom examines how wars have shaped the nation’s history.

Ancient Egypt

AncientEgyptThe site is divided into ten ‘chapters' which address themes or topics relevant to Ancient Egypt. Within each ‘chapter' there are three sections: ‘Story', ‘Explore' and ‘Challenge'.

Ancient Mesopotamia

AncientMesoMesopotamia, an ancient Greek term meaning "the land between rivers," is considered to be the cradle of civilization because this is where we find the origins of agriculture, written language, and cities.

Ancient Mexico

AncientMexicoVisit Ancient Mexico to explore the art, culture and history and civilizations of Ancient Mesoamerica.

Animated History of Aviation

It starts with Leonardo da Vinci’s famous sketches of flying machines, then moves to the first hot air balloon launched by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, the gliders created by Sir George Cayley (1804), and the Wright brothers’ first flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903. These great moments and others all get covered in this Animated History of Aviation.

Art History Resources

ArtHistoryProviding access to art related resources on the web to millions of people since 1985, Art History is an extremely comprehensive collection.


ArtCycloArtcyclopedia is a form of Internet search engine with over 2,900 art sites, and offer over 160,000 links to more than 180,000 artworks by 9,000 renowned artists. The main mode of searching within the site, and the main way that web surfers find their way to us, is a search on an artist's name.

Asia Society

AsiaSocietyAsia Society is the leading educational organization dedicated to promoting mutual understanding and strengthening partnerships among peoples, leaders and institutions of Asia and the United States in a global context. Across the fields of arts, business, culture, education, and policy, the Society provides insight, generates ideas, and promotes collaboration to address present challenges and create a shared future.

Aviation History Online Museum

The Aviation History Online Museum is a great place to find history, pictures and videos of aircraft and the folks who pioneered them.  A section on aviation theory has plenty of information of particular interest to flight students.

Becoming American: The Chinese Experience

BecomeAmericanBECOMING AMERICAN: The Chinese Experience illuminates their all-too-forgotten role in settling the West and building the western leg of the Transcontinental Railroad, perhaps the greatest engineering feat of the 19th century.

Black History Guide

BlackHistWelcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History. This site presents a vast array of articles, hundreds of images, and a wide assortment of audio clips, film clips, and multimedia presentations.

California Governor’s Office

Official site of the Office the Governor, providing information about the administration, issues, statements, and programs.

California State Assembly

CAAssemblyWelcome to the California State Assembly’s homepage. Here, you will find information on legislation, your Assemblymember’s contact information and website, as well as links to other government resources and information on the Assembly’s personnel and expenditures.

California State Legislative

CALegisWelcome to the California State Legislature web site, the gateway to California's Legislative web sites. For an overview of the legislative process in California, please visit the Citizen's guide to the legislative process at the Capitol Museum website.

California State Senate

CASenateEach California Senator represents 931,349 Californians. On each Senators' Home Page you will find his/her email address, Capitol and District addresses and phone numbers, a map of the district, the Member's biography, a list of all the legislation authored by that Senator and more.

Celebrating America’s Freedoms

AmericasFreedomsCelebrating America’s Freedoms is a collection of stories about some of America’s most beloved customs and national symbols. The collection includes a variety of topics for researching or planning activities for national observances such as Memorial Day, Veterans Day, and Flag Day.

Cesar Chavez Foundation

CaesarChavezSenator Robert F. Kennedy described Cesar Chavez as "one of the heroic figures of our time." A true American hero, Cesar was a civil rights, Latino and farm labor leader; a genuinely religious and spiritual figure; a community organizer and social entrepreneur; a champion of militant nonviolent social change; and a crusader for the environment and consumer rights.

Charters of Freedom

ChartersOfFreedomThe Charters of Freedom site explores the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights - with high resolution images.

CIA World Factbook

CIAThe World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map.


CountrywatchCountryWatch provides critical country-specific intelligence and data through its suite of products to over 4000 clients including public and private sector organizations with overseas operations and global interests.

Culture & Change: Black History in America

ScholasticExplore Culture & Change to meet famous African Americans, listen to jazz music, publish your own writing, and explore history with our interactive timeline.

D-Day: Untold Stories

NatGeoA grand hoax, top secret maps, and live-ammunition rehearsals set the stage for D-Day,  June 6, 1944, when 200,000 soldiers stormed Normandy's beaches to help free Europe.

Diego Rivera

DiegoRiveraConsidered the greatest Mexican painter of the twentieth century, Diego Rivera had a profound effect on the international art world. Among his many contributions, Rivera is credited with the reintroduction of fresco painting into modern art and architecture. His radical political views and tempestuous romance with the painter Frieda Kahlo were then, and remain today, a source of public intrigue.

Digital History: Native American Voices

DigHistOne of history's most important tasks is to identify myths and misconceptions and correct them. No where is this more important than in the study of the Indian peoples of North America. Until remarkably recently, the History of Native Americans largely reflected the perspective, perceptions, and prejudices of European Americans. This site provides a different and more comprehensive perspective.

Electoral College


The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and election by popular vote. Read more about how the terms "Elector" and "Electoral College" came into usage.

Exploring the Early Americas

LOCExploring the Early Americas features selections from the more than 3,000 rare maps, documents, paintings, prints, and artifacts that make up the Jay I. Kislak Collection at the Library of Congress.

Exploring The Environment

NASAThe expectation at NASA's Global Climate Change Education program is that you will make better choices for your own future and for generations to come when you understand the impact you have on the Earth.

Fashion Era History

FashionFashion Era contains 705 content rich, illustrated pages of Fashion History, Costume History, Clothing, Fashions and Social History.

Frida Kahlo

FridaKahloFrida Kahlo (July 6, 1907 - July 13, 1954) was a Mexican painter, who has achieved great international popularity. She painted using vibrant colors in a style that was influenced by indigenous cultures of Mexico as well as by European influences that include Realism, Symbolism, and Surrealism. Many of her works are self-portraits that symbolically express her own pain and sexuality. In 1929 Kahlo married the Mexican muralist Diego Rivera. They shared political views, and he encouraged her artistic endeavors.

General Maps & Atlases

GenMapsThis site includes General Maps & Atlases that typically portray the physical environment and a variety of cultural elements for a geographic area at a particular point in time. The maps in this category show a geographic area larger than a city or town and do not display a subject that is part of one of the thematic categories.

Great Women in History

GreatWomen-15At the National Women’s Hall of Fame, our mission all day, every day is “Showcasing great women…Inspiring all!” We are achieving our mission in a variety of ways while preserving our historical roots through the induction of great women into the Hall of Fame.

Hispanic Reading Room

LOCThe "Hispanic Society Reading Room," named after the New York Hispanic Society of America, was inaugurated to service the Library of Congress' growing Luso-Hispanic collections.

History & People: Scientists and Philosophers

History&PeopleWho made the first star map? When did people know that the Earth was round? When were sunspots discovered? History & People's links will lead you to biographies of scientists who lived at different times through history. Discover the people who made science history!

History Explorer

SmithsonianHistSmithsonian's History Explorer was developed by the National Museum of American History in partnership with the Verizon Foundation to offer hundreds of free, innovative online resources for teaching and learning American history.

History of Mexico

HistChannelA country rich in history, tradition and culture, Mexico is made up of 31 states and one federal district. It is the third largest country in Latin America and has the largest population—more than 100 million—making it the home of more Spanish speakers than any other nation in the world.

History of Money

novaWhat is money? By definition, it's something of value. But over the last 10,000 years, the material form that money has taken has changed considerably—from cattle and cowrie shells to today's electronic currency. NOVA gives you an overview of the history of money.

History of the Holidays

HistoryChannelHolidays, whether somber or jovial, are a time for families and communities to come together, commemorate historic events and usher in the seasons. Holidays are often a time to reconnect with friends and family. Did you know that Americans send over 1.5 billion Christmas cards and 150 million Valentine's Day cards annually? Americans buy 58 million pounds of chocolate for Valentine's Day, more than 35 million pounds of candy corn for Halloween and individually consume more than 24 pounds of candy a year. Whether sacred or secular, every celebration has its own unique story. Discover the history behind the holidays.

History: Classroom

Save Our History is an Emmy® Award-winning outreach initiative launched by HISTORY in 1998 to further historic preservation and history education. The program supplements the teaching of history in America's classrooms, educates the public on the importance of historical preservation, and motivates communities across the country to help save endangered local historic treasures.


HitlerAdolf Hitler, military and political leader of Germany 1933 - 1945, launched World War Two and bears responsibility for the deaths of millions, including six million Jewish people in the Nazi genocide.

Hmong Online Community

HmongThe Hmong Homepage is a volunteer effort bringing together a collection the Internet-based resources related to Hmong news and current-events, issues, history, publications, and culture.

Holocaust Encyclopedia & Museum

US HolocaustA living memorial to the Holocaust, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum inspires citizens and leaders worldwide to confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity.

Internet History

CompHistMuseumThe mission of the Computer History Museum is to preserve and present for posterity the artifacts and stories of the information age. As such, the Museum plays a unique role in the history of the computing revolution and its worldwide impact on the human experience.

Internet, Birth and Timeline

NSFThe National Science Foundation presents the Birth of the Internet.

Invention Dimension

InventionDimInvention Dimension is a fun-filled and at times wacky approach to making learning about invention exciting for the kid in all of us. Have some fun with our invention games and explore the wealth of inventor and invention resources, including inventor profiles and patent guidelines, offered in our highlighted sections.

Japan Society

JapanJourneyThis site provides educators and specialists in Japan Studies a space for sharing, discussing and developing teaching ideas and resources about Japan, especially as they relate to K-12 classrooms. The site features thought-provoking essays; classroom-ready lesson plans; an area for asking and answering questions; resources including historical documents, maps and images; and member profiles.

Jazz in America

JazzAmericaThe mission of The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz is to offer public school-based jazz education programs for young people around the world, helping students develop imaginative thinking, creativity, curiosity, a positive self image, and a respect for their own and others' cultural heritage.

Jewish Encyclopedia

JewishEncycThis website contains the complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, which was originally published between 1901-1906. The Jewish Encyclopedia, which recently became part of the public domain, contains over 15,000 articles and illustrations.

Jewish Virtual Library

JewishVirtLibThe Jewish Virtual Library is the most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia in the world, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism. There are more than 16,000 articles and 7,000 photographs and maps that have been integrated into the site.

Jim Crow: The Rise and Fall

JimCrowJim Crow was not a person, yet affected the lives of millions of people. Named after a popular 19th-century minstrel song that stereotyped African Americans, "Jim Crow" came to personify the system of government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the United States.

King’s Last March

AmPubMediaMartin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968. Four decades later, King remains one of the most vivid symbols of hope for racial unity in America. But that’s not the way he was viewed in the last year of his life.

Learn California

CaliforniaSealWelcome to LearnCalifornia, the electronic resource for students, teachers and everyone else interested in California history! This easy to use site combines the collections of the California State Archives with the power of the Internet to bring you reliable and entertaining information about the Golden State.

Lest We Forget: A Triumph Over Slavery

TriumphLest We Forget: A Triumph Over Slavery was created by the Schomburg Center in conjunction with the UNESCO Slave Route Project to mark the United Nations General Assembly’s resolution proclaiming 2004 as The International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition.

Lewis & Clark

LewisClarkThe Lewis and Clark Trail is a cultural destination that covers over 4,600 miles, crosses four time zones, and showcases some of the most beautiful and rugged areas of America.

Malcolm X

MalcolmXThe official web site of Malcolm X has everything you want to know about this historical figure. Read his biography and read inspirational quotes from this talented speaker. Browse the photo gallery for pictures of Malcolm X throughout his life!


MALDEFThe Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) strives to implement programs that are structured to bring Latinos into the mainstream of American political and socio-economic life; providing better educational opportunities; encouraging participation in all aspects of society; and offering a positive vision for the future. Unique to MALDEF is an approach that combines advocacy, educational outreach, and litigation strategies to achieve socio-economic change.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

bioBorn Jan. 15, 1929, Atlanta, Ga., U.S.—died April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tenn.) Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist who led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. His leadership was fundamental to that movement's success in ending the legal segregation of African Americans in the South and other parts of the United States. Visit The King Center for more information.

Mayflower History

MayflowerWelcome to Mayflower History, the Internet's most complete and accurate web site dealing with the Mayflower, the Pilgrims, and early Plymouth Colony.

Media Smarts

MediaSmartsMedia Smarts focuses its efforts on equipping adults with information and tools to help young people understand how the media work, how the media may affect their lifestyle choices and the extent to which they, as consumers and citizens, are being well informed.

Museum of Science

SBMuseumThe Museum of Science's mission is to play a leading role in transforming the nation's relationship with science and technology. This role becomes ever more important as science and technology shape and reshape our lives and world.

Napoleonic Guide

NapoleanThe Napoleonic Guide is the best reference source for everything you need to know about the life and times of Napoleon Bonaparte. It has more than 2500 pages of information covering all aspects of the greatest era in world history.

National Council of La Raza

NCLRThe National Council of La Raza (NCLR)—the largest national Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization in the United States—works to improve opportunities for Hispanic Americans.  Through its network of nearly 300 affiliated community-based organizations, NCLR reaches millions of Hispanics each year in 41 states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.

National Endowment for the Arts

NE4ArtsThe National Endowment for the Arts was established by Congress in 1965 as an independent agency of the federal government. To date, the NEA has awarded more than $4 billion to support artistic excellence, creativity, and innovation for the benefit of individuals and communities.


NationMasterWelcome to NationMaster, a massive central data source and a handy way to graphically compare nations. NationMaster is a vast compilation of data from such sources as the CIA World Factbook, UN, and OECD. Using the form above, you can generate maps and graphs on all kinds of statistics with ease.

Native American Rights Fund

NARFFounded in 1970, the Native American Rights Fund (NARF) is the oldest and largest nonprofit law firm dedicated to asserting and defending the rights of Indian tribes, organizations and individuals nationwide.

Nazi Olympics

HolocaustEncycFor two weeks in August 1936, Adolf Hitler's Nazi dictatorship camouflaged its racist, militaristic character while hosting the Nazi Summer Olympics. Minimizing its antisemitic agenda and plans for territorial expansion, the regime exploited the Games to impress many foreign spectators and journalists with an image of a peaceful, tolerant Germany. Having rejected a proposed boycott of the 1936 Olympics, the United States and other western democracies missed the opportunity to take a stand that contemporary observers claimed might have restrained Hitler and bolstered international resistance to Nazi tyranny.

Nobel Prize

NobelNobelprize.org is the official web site of the Nobel Prize. Here you will find information for every Nobel Prize since 1901, including the Nobel Laureates' biographies, Nobel Lectures, interviews, photos, articles, video clips, press releases, educational games and more.

Our Documents

Our-DocsTo help us think, talk and teach about the rights and responsibilities of citizens in our democracy, we invite you to explore 100 Milestone Documents of American history. These documents reflect our diversity and our unity, our past and our future, and mostly our commitment as a nation to continue to strive to "form a more perfect union."

Picturing Modern America 1880 – 1920

PictModAmericaHistorical thinking exercises for middle and high school students. Picturing Modern America lets you practice doing history the way historians do ...

Presidents of the United States

POTUSIn this resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the Presidents of the United States (POTUS). Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included.

Project Vote Smart

VoteSmartAt Project Vote Smart, Americans young and old volunteer their time, take no money from special interests groups, and are committed to providing you with the most relevant, unbiased information on over 40,000 candidates and officials.

Pyramid History

Pyramid HistoryPyramid, presented by the BBC, offers a great collection of in-depth articles, interactive activities, multimedia galleries, timelines and more about the Egyptian Pyramids. Build a Pyramid, learn about their development or take the pyramid challenge.

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War

ReconstructionReconstruction: The Second Civil War offers insights into topics in American history including the Civil War, slavery, abolition, race relations, definitions of freedom and citizenship, civil rights, black suffrage, the cotton economy, sharecropping, and more.

Slavery and the Making of America

SlaveryThe first were brought in 1619.  The last were freed in 1865.  In the intervening 250 years, slaves labored to make America what it is today. Slavery and the Making of America takes an in depth look at this period of American history.

Smithsonian Cultural Programs

SmithsonianCulturalAs a steward and ambassador of cultural connections, the Smithsonian's Cultural Programs work helps to build bridges of mutual respect and understanding of the diversity of world cultures. There are numerous opportunities to discover and connect with world cultures at the Smithsonian, from the annual Folklife Festival and family-friendly heritage month celebrations, to exhibitions that explore diversity in the American experience.

Smithsonian Jazz

SmithJazzThe Smithsonian Institution has a long record of leadership in preserving and promoting the historical legacy of jazz, presenting diverse jazz programs, and jazz education.  The Institution collects artifacts, archival materials, and oral histories; is home to the nation's jazz orchestra, the Smithsonian Jazz Masterworks Orchestra (SJMO), so designated by congressional appropriation; and develops educational offerings for students.

Southern California Indian Center

SoCalIndianThe Southern California Indian Center (SCIC) is a non-profit 501 c(3) community-based organization serving the American Indian, Native Alaskan and Native Hawaiian communities of Los Angeles, Orange, and Riverside Counties.

Supreme Court History

AboutThis site will help students appreciate the grandeur of the Supreme Court and understand how the Court -- constitutionally equal to the Presidency and the Congress -- developed historically and how it works today.

Teaching Tolerance

Educate CaliforniaTeaching Tolerance is a place for educators to find thought-provoking news, conversation and support for those who care about diversity, equal opportunity and respect for differences in schools.

This Day in History

HistoryChannelThose Were the Days, the This Day in History feature from 440 International.

Tribal Colleges

TribalThis Tribal Colleges site is dedicated to furthering the educational advancement of the American Indian people. Featured are tribal colleges, native studies programs and Indian education.

U.S. House of Representatives

US HouseElected to a two-year term, each U.S. House of Representatives member serves the people of a specific congressional district by introducing bills and serving on committees, among other duties.

U.S. Senate

US SenateVisit States in the Senate to learn about the men and women who have represented each state in the United States Senate. Scroll through a timeline of milestones and significant events. Learn how each state helped shape the Senate, and how the Senate influenced each state.

Ulysses S. Grant

UGrantThis biography of Ulysses S. Grant paints a revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders. In 2011 AMERICAN EXPERIENCE will rebroadcast this film as U.S. Grant: Warrior, an abridged 90-minute version of the film, focusing on Grant as a Civil War hero and a brilliant military strategist who rose from obscurity to a rank held previously only by George Washington.

UN Atlas of the Oceans

UNThe UN Atlas of the Oceans is an information system designed for policy-makers, scientists, students and resource managers for sharing, exchanging and consulting information on oceans and coastal areas.

Underground Railroad

UnderRailroadNational Geographic Online presents “The Underground Railroad - A History of Slavery in America.” The Underground Railroad was not underground. Because escaping slaves and the people who helped them were technically breaking the law, they had to stay out of sight. They went “underground” in terms of concealing their actions.

United States & World Population Clock

US CensusThe U.S. & World Population Clock shows a series of projections for the resident population of the United States and throughout the world. This includes people whose usual residence is in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. These projections do not include members of the Armed Forces overseas, their dependents, or other U.S. citizens residing outside the United States.

White House, The

WhiteHouseEvery president since John Adams has occupied the White House, and the history of this building extends far beyond the construction of its walls. From the Ground Floor Corridor rooms, transformed from their early use as service areas, to the State Floor rooms, where countless leaders and dignitaries have been entertained, the White House is both the home of the President of the United States his family and a museum of American history. The White House is a place where history continues to unfold.